pub struct CompactSizeMessage(u32);
Expand description

A CompactSize-encoded field that is limited to MAX_PROTOCOL_MESSAGE_LEN. Used for sizes or counts of objects that are sent in network messages.

§Security

Deserialized sizes must be validated before being used to allocate memory.

Preallocating vectors using untrusted CompactSizes allows memory denial of service attacks. Valid sizes must be less than MAX_PROTOCOL_MESSAGE_LEN / min_serialized_item_bytes (or a lower limit specified by the Zcash consensus rules or Bitcoin network protocol).

As a defence-in-depth for memory preallocation attacks, Zebra rejects sizes greater than the protocol message length limit. (These sizes should be impossible, because each array items takes at least one byte.)

§Serialization Examples

use zebra_chain::serialization::{CompactSizeMessage, ZcashSerialize, MAX_PROTOCOL_MESSAGE_LEN};
use std::convert::{TryFrom, TryInto};

let size = CompactSizeMessage::try_from(0x12).unwrap();
let buf = size.zcash_serialize_to_vec().unwrap();
assert_eq!(buf, b"\x12");

let size = CompactSizeMessage::try_from(0xfd).unwrap();
let buf = size.zcash_serialize_to_vec().unwrap();
assert_eq!(buf, b"\xfd\xfd\x00");

let size = CompactSizeMessage::try_from(0xaafd).unwrap();
let buf = size.zcash_serialize_to_vec().unwrap();
assert_eq!(buf, b"\xfd\xfd\xaa");

let max_size: usize = MAX_PROTOCOL_MESSAGE_LEN.try_into().unwrap();
let size = CompactSizeMessage::try_from(max_size).unwrap();
let buf = size.zcash_serialize_to_vec().unwrap();
assert_eq!(buf, b"\xfe\x00\x00\x20\x00");

CompactSizeMessages greater than the maximum network message length can not be constructed:

assert!(CompactSizeMessage::try_from(max_size + 1).is_err());

assert!(CompactSizeMessage::try_from(0xbbaafd).is_err());

assert!(CompactSizeMessage::try_from(0x22ccbbaafd).is_err());

§Deserialization Examples

use zebra_chain::serialization::{CompactSizeMessage, ZcashDeserializeInto, MAX_PROTOCOL_MESSAGE_LEN};
use std::{convert::{TryFrom, TryInto}, io::Cursor};

assert_eq!(
    CompactSizeMessage::try_from(0x12).unwrap(),
    Cursor::new(b"\x12").zcash_deserialize_into().unwrap(),
);

assert_eq!(
    CompactSizeMessage::try_from(0xfd).unwrap(),
    Cursor::new(b"\xfd\xfd\x00").zcash_deserialize_into().unwrap(),
);

assert_eq!(
    CompactSizeMessage::try_from(0xaafd).unwrap(),
    Cursor::new(b"\xfd\xfd\xaa").zcash_deserialize_into().unwrap(),
);

let max_size: usize = MAX_PROTOCOL_MESSAGE_LEN.try_into().unwrap();
assert_eq!(
    CompactSizeMessage::try_from(max_size).unwrap(),
    Cursor::new(b"\xfe\x00\x00\x20\x00").zcash_deserialize_into().unwrap(),
);

CompactSizeMessages greater than the maximum network message length are invalid. They return a SerializationError::Parse:

let max_size_plus_one = Cursor::new(b"\xfe\x01\x00\x20\x00");
assert!(CompactSizeMessage::zcash_deserialize(max_size_plus_one).is_err());

let bytes = Cursor::new(b"\xfe\xfd\xaa\xbb\x00");
assert!(CompactSizeMessage::zcash_deserialize(bytes).is_err());

let bytes = Cursor::new(b"\xff\xfd\xaa\xbb\xcc\x22\x00\x00\x00");
assert!(CompactSizeMessage::zcash_deserialize(bytes).is_err());

Tuple Fields§

§0: u32

The number of items in a Zcash message.

This field is private to enforce the MAX_PROTOCOL_MESSAGE_LEN limit.

Trait Implementations§

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impl Arbitrary for CompactSizeMessage

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type Parameters = ()

The type of parameters that arbitrary_with accepts for configuration of the generated Strategy. Parameters must implement Default.
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fn arbitrary_with(_args: Self::Parameters) -> Self::Strategy

Generates a Strategy for producing arbitrary values of type the implementing type (Self). The strategy is passed the arguments given in args. Read more
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type Strategy = BoxedStrategy<CompactSizeMessage>

The type of Strategy used to generate values of type Self.
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fn arbitrary() -> Self::Strategy

Generates a Strategy for producing arbitrary values of type the implementing type (Self). Read more
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impl Clone for CompactSizeMessage

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fn clone(&self) -> CompactSizeMessage

Returns a copy of the value. Read more
1.0.0 · source§

fn clone_from(&mut self, source: &Self)

Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more
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impl Debug for CompactSizeMessage

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fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more
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impl From<CompactSizeMessage> for usize

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fn from(size: CompactSizeMessage) -> Self

Converts to this type from the input type.
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impl Hash for CompactSizeMessage

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fn hash<__H: Hasher>(&self, state: &mut __H)

Feeds this value into the given Hasher. Read more
1.3.0 · source§

fn hash_slice<H>(data: &[Self], state: &mut H)
where H: Hasher, Self: Sized,

Feeds a slice of this type into the given Hasher. Read more
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impl Ord for CompactSizeMessage

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fn cmp(&self, other: &CompactSizeMessage) -> Ordering

This method returns an Ordering between self and other. Read more
1.21.0 · source§

fn max(self, other: Self) -> Self
where Self: Sized,

Compares and returns the maximum of two values. Read more
1.21.0 · source§

fn min(self, other: Self) -> Self
where Self: Sized,

Compares and returns the minimum of two values. Read more
1.50.0 · source§

fn clamp(self, min: Self, max: Self) -> Self
where Self: Sized + PartialOrd,

Restrict a value to a certain interval. Read more
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impl PartialEq for CompactSizeMessage

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fn eq(&self, other: &CompactSizeMessage) -> bool

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==.
1.0.0 · source§

fn ne(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests for !=. The default implementation is almost always sufficient, and should not be overridden without very good reason.
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impl PartialOrd for CompactSizeMessage

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fn partial_cmp(&self, other: &CompactSizeMessage) -> Option<Ordering>

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more
1.0.0 · source§

fn lt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more
1.0.0 · source§

fn le(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more
1.0.0 · source§

fn gt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more
1.0.0 · source§

fn ge(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more
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impl TryFrom<usize> for CompactSizeMessage

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type Error = SerializationError

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
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fn try_from(size: usize) -> Result<Self, Self::Error>

Performs the conversion.
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impl ZcashDeserialize for CompactSizeMessage

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fn zcash_deserialize<R: Read>(reader: R) -> Result<Self, SerializationError>

Try to read self from the given reader. Read more
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impl ZcashSerialize for CompactSizeMessage

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fn zcash_serialize<W: Write>(&self, writer: W) -> Result<(), Error>

Serialize a CompactSizeMessage into the Zcash consensus-critical format.

§Panics

If the value exceeds MAX_PROTOCOL_MESSAGE_LEN.

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fn zcash_serialize_to_vec(&self) -> Result<Vec<u8>, Error>

Helper function to construct a vec to serialize the current struct into
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fn zcash_serialized_size(&self) -> usize

Get the size of self by using a fake writer.
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impl Copy for CompactSizeMessage

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impl Eq for CompactSizeMessage

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impl StructuralPartialEq for CompactSizeMessage

Auto Trait Implementations§

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impl<T> Any for T
where T: 'static + ?Sized,

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fn type_id(&self) -> TypeId

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more
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impl<T> Borrow<T> for T
where T: ?Sized,

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fn borrow(&self) -> &T

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
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fn borrow_mut(&mut self) -> &mut T

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
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impl<Q, K> Comparable<K> for Q
where Q: Ord + ?Sized, K: Borrow<Q> + ?Sized,

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fn compare(&self, key: &K) -> Ordering

Compare self to key and return their ordering.
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impl<T> Conv for T

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fn conv<T>(self) -> T
where Self: Into<T>,

Converts self into T using Into<T>. Read more
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impl<Q, K> Equivalent<K> for Q
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fn equivalent(&self, key: &K) -> bool

Checks if this value is equivalent to the given key. Read more
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fn equivalent(&self, key: &K) -> bool

Compare self to key and return true if they are equal.
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impl<Q, K> Equivalent<K> for Q
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fn equivalent(&self, key: &K) -> bool

Compare self to key and return true if they are equal.
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impl<T> FmtForward for T

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fn fmt_binary(self) -> FmtBinary<Self>
where Self: Binary,

Causes self to use its Binary implementation when Debug-formatted.
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fn fmt_display(self) -> FmtDisplay<Self>
where Self: Display,

Causes self to use its Display implementation when Debug-formatted.
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fn fmt_lower_exp(self) -> FmtLowerExp<Self>
where Self: LowerExp,

Causes self to use its LowerExp implementation when Debug-formatted.
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fn fmt_lower_hex(self) -> FmtLowerHex<Self>
where Self: LowerHex,

Causes self to use its LowerHex implementation when Debug-formatted.
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fn fmt_octal(self) -> FmtOctal<Self>
where Self: Octal,

Causes self to use its Octal implementation when Debug-formatted.
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fn fmt_pointer(self) -> FmtPointer<Self>
where Self: Pointer,

Causes self to use its Pointer implementation when Debug-formatted.
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fn fmt_upper_exp(self) -> FmtUpperExp<Self>
where Self: UpperExp,

Causes self to use its UpperExp implementation when Debug-formatted.
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fn fmt_upper_hex(self) -> FmtUpperHex<Self>
where Self: UpperHex,

Causes self to use its UpperHex implementation when Debug-formatted.
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fn fmt_list(self) -> FmtList<Self>
where &'a Self: for<'a> IntoIterator,

Formats each item in a sequence. Read more
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fn from(t: T) -> T

Returns the argument unchanged.

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impl<T> Instrument for T

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fn instrument(self, span: Span) -> Instrumented<Self>

Instruments this type with the provided [Span], returning an Instrumented wrapper. Read more
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impl<T> Instrument for T

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fn instrument(self, span: Span) -> Instrumented<Self>

Instruments this type with the provided Span, returning an Instrumented wrapper. Read more
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impl<T, U> Into<U> for T
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fn into(self) -> U

Calls U::from(self).

That is, this conversion is whatever the implementation of From<T> for U chooses to do.

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impl<D> OwoColorize for D

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fn fg<C>(&self) -> FgColorDisplay<'_, C, Self>
where C: Color,

Set the foreground color generically Read more
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fn bg<C>(&self) -> BgColorDisplay<'_, C, Self>
where C: Color,

Set the background color generically. Read more
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fn black<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, Black, Self>

Change the foreground color to black
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fn on_black<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, Black, Self>

Change the background color to black
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fn red<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, Red, Self>

Change the foreground color to red
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fn on_red<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, Red, Self>

Change the background color to red
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fn green<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, Green, Self>

Change the foreground color to green
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fn on_green<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, Green, Self>

Change the background color to green
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fn yellow<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, Yellow, Self>

Change the foreground color to yellow
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fn on_yellow<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, Yellow, Self>

Change the background color to yellow
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fn blue<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, Blue, Self>

Change the foreground color to blue
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fn on_blue<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, Blue, Self>

Change the background color to blue
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fn magenta<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, Magenta, Self>

Change the foreground color to magenta
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fn on_magenta<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, Magenta, Self>

Change the background color to magenta
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fn purple<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, Magenta, Self>

Change the foreground color to purple
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fn on_purple<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, Magenta, Self>

Change the background color to purple
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fn cyan<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, Cyan, Self>

Change the foreground color to cyan
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fn on_cyan<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, Cyan, Self>

Change the background color to cyan
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fn white<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, White, Self>

Change the foreground color to white
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fn on_white<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, White, Self>

Change the background color to white
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fn default_color<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, Default, Self>

Change the foreground color to the terminal default
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fn on_default_color<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, Default, Self>

Change the background color to the terminal default
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fn bright_black<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, BrightBlack, Self>

Change the foreground color to bright black
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fn on_bright_black<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, BrightBlack, Self>

Change the background color to bright black
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fn bright_red<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, BrightRed, Self>

Change the foreground color to bright red
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fn on_bright_red<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, BrightRed, Self>

Change the background color to bright red
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fn bright_green<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, BrightGreen, Self>

Change the foreground color to bright green
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fn on_bright_green<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, BrightGreen, Self>

Change the background color to bright green
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fn bright_yellow<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, BrightYellow, Self>

Change the foreground color to bright yellow
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fn on_bright_yellow<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, BrightYellow, Self>

Change the background color to bright yellow
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fn bright_blue<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, BrightBlue, Self>

Change the foreground color to bright blue
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fn on_bright_blue<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, BrightBlue, Self>

Change the background color to bright blue
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fn bright_magenta<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, BrightMagenta, Self>

Change the foreground color to bright magenta
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fn on_bright_magenta<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, BrightMagenta, Self>

Change the background color to bright magenta
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fn bright_purple<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, BrightMagenta, Self>

Change the foreground color to bright purple
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fn on_bright_purple<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, BrightMagenta, Self>

Change the background color to bright purple
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fn bright_cyan<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, BrightCyan, Self>

Change the foreground color to bright cyan
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fn on_bright_cyan<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, BrightCyan, Self>

Change the background color to bright cyan
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fn bright_white<'a>(&'a self) -> FgColorDisplay<'a, BrightWhite, Self>

Change the foreground color to bright white
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fn on_bright_white<'a>(&'a self) -> BgColorDisplay<'a, BrightWhite, Self>

Change the background color to bright white
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fn bold<'a>(&'a self) -> BoldDisplay<'a, Self>

Make the text bold
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fn dimmed<'a>(&'a self) -> DimDisplay<'a, Self>

Make the text dim
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fn italic<'a>(&'a self) -> ItalicDisplay<'a, Self>

Make the text italicized
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fn underline<'a>(&'a self) -> UnderlineDisplay<'a, Self>

Make the text italicized
Make the text blink
Make the text blink (but fast!)
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fn reversed<'a>(&'a self) -> ReversedDisplay<'a, Self>

Swap the foreground and background colors
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fn hidden<'a>(&'a self) -> HiddenDisplay<'a, Self>

Hide the text
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fn strikethrough<'a>(&'a self) -> StrikeThroughDisplay<'a, Self>

Cross out the text
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fn color<Color>(&self, color: Color) -> FgDynColorDisplay<'_, Color, Self>
where Color: DynColor,

Set the foreground color at runtime. Only use if you do not know which color will be used at compile-time. If the color is constant, use either OwoColorize::fg or a color-specific method, such as OwoColorize::green, Read more
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fn on_color<Color>(&self, color: Color) -> BgDynColorDisplay<'_, Color, Self>
where Color: DynColor,

Set the background color at runtime. Only use if you do not know what color to use at compile-time. If the color is constant, use either OwoColorize::bg or a color-specific method, such as OwoColorize::on_yellow, Read more
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fn fg_rgb<const R: u8, const G: u8, const B: u8>( &self ) -> FgColorDisplay<'_, CustomColor<R, G, B>, Self>

Set the foreground color to a specific RGB value.
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fn bg_rgb<const R: u8, const G: u8, const B: u8>( &self ) -> BgColorDisplay<'_, CustomColor<R, G, B>, Self>

Set the background color to a specific RGB value.
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fn truecolor(&self, r: u8, g: u8, b: u8) -> FgDynColorDisplay<'_, Rgb, Self>

Sets the foreground color to an RGB value.
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fn on_truecolor(&self, r: u8, g: u8, b: u8) -> BgDynColorDisplay<'_, Rgb, Self>

Sets the background color to an RGB value.
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fn style(&self, style: Style) -> Styled<&Self>

Apply a runtime-determined style
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impl<D> OwoColorize for D

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fn fg<C>(&self) -> FgColorDisplay<'_, C, Self>
where C: Color,

Set the foreground color generically Read more
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fn bg<C>(&self) -> BgColorDisplay<'_, C, Self>
where C: Color,

Set the background color generically. Read more
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fn black(&self) -> FgColorDisplay<'_, Black, Self>

Change the foreground color to black
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fn on_black(&self) -> BgColorDisplay<'_, Black, Self>

Change the background color to black
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fn red(&self) -> FgColorDisplay<'_, Red, Self>

Change the foreground color to red
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fn on_red(&self) -> BgColorDisplay<'_, Red, Self>

Change the background color to red
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fn green(&self) -> FgColorDisplay<'_, Green, Self>

Change the foreground color to green
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fn on_green(&self) -> BgColorDisplay<'_, Green, Self>

Change the background color to green
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fn yellow(&self) -> FgColorDisplay<'_, Yellow, Self>

Change the foreground color to yellow
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fn on_yellow(&self) -> BgColorDisplay<'_, Yellow, Self>

Change the background color to yellow
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fn blue(&self) -> FgColorDisplay<'_, Blue, Self>

Change the foreground color to blue
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fn on_blue(&self) -> BgColorDisplay<'_, Blue, Self>

Change the background color to blue
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fn magenta(&self) -> FgColorDisplay<'_, Magenta, Self>

Change the foreground color to magenta
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fn on_magenta(&self) -> BgColorDisplay<'_, Magenta, Self>

Change the background color to magenta
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fn purple(&self) -> FgColorDisplay<'_, Magenta, Self>

Change the foreground color to purple
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fn on_purple(&self) -> BgColorDisplay<'_, Magenta, Self>

Change the background color to purple
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fn cyan(&self) -> FgColorDisplay<'_, Cyan, Self>

Change the foreground color to cyan
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fn on_cyan(&self) -> BgColorDisplay<'_, Cyan, Self>

Change the background color to cyan
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fn white(&self) -> FgColorDisplay<'_, White, Self>

Change the foreground color to white
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fn on_white(&self) -> BgColorDisplay<'_, White, Self>

Change the background color to white
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fn default_color(&self) -> FgColorDisplay<'_, Default, Self>

Change the foreground color to the terminal default
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fn on_default_color(&self) -> BgColorDisplay<'_, Default, Self>

Change the background color to the terminal default
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fn bright_black(&self) -> FgColorDisplay<'_, BrightBlack, Self>

Change the foreground color to bright black
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fn on_bright_black(&self) -> BgColorDisplay<'_, BrightBlack, Self>

Change the background color to bright black
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fn bright_red(&self) -> FgColorDisplay<'_, BrightRed, Self>

Change the foreground color to bright red
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fn on_bright_red(&self) -> BgColorDisplay<'_, BrightRed, Self>

Change the background color to bright red
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fn bright_green(&self) -> FgColorDisplay<'_, BrightGreen, Self>

Change the foreground color to bright green
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fn on_bright_green(&self) -> BgColorDisplay<'_, BrightGreen, Self>

Change the background color to bright green
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fn bright_yellow(&self) -> FgColorDisplay<'_, BrightYellow, Self>

Change the foreground color to bright yellow
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fn on_bright_yellow(&self) -> BgColorDisplay<'_, BrightYellow, Self>

Change the background color to bright yellow
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fn bright_blue(&self) -> FgColorDisplay<'_, BrightBlue, Self>

Change the foreground color to bright blue
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fn on_bright_blue(&self) -> BgColorDisplay<'_, BrightBlue, Self>

Change the background color to bright blue
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fn bright_magenta(&self) -> FgColorDisplay<'_, BrightMagenta, Self>

Change the foreground color to bright magenta
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fn on_bright_magenta(&self) -> BgColorDisplay<'_, BrightMagenta, Self>

Change the background color to bright magenta
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fn bright_purple(&self) -> FgColorDisplay<'_, BrightMagenta, Self>

Change the foreground color to bright purple
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fn on_bright_purple(&self) -> BgColorDisplay<'_, BrightMagenta, Self>

Change the background color to bright purple
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fn bright_cyan(&self) -> FgColorDisplay<'_, BrightCyan, Self>

Change the foreground color to bright cyan
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fn on_bright_cyan(&self) -> BgColorDisplay<'_, BrightCyan, Self>

Change the background color to bright cyan
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fn bright_white(&self) -> FgColorDisplay<'_, BrightWhite, Self>

Change the foreground color to bright white
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fn on_bright_white(&self) -> BgColorDisplay<'_, BrightWhite, Self>

Change the background color to bright white
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fn bold(&self) -> BoldDisplay<'_, Self>

Make the text bold
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fn dimmed(&self) -> DimDisplay<'_, Self>

Make the text dim
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fn italic(&self) -> ItalicDisplay<'_, Self>

Make the text italicized
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fn underline(&self) -> UnderlineDisplay<'_, Self>

Make the text italicized
Make the text blink
Make the text blink (but fast!)
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fn reversed(&self) -> ReversedDisplay<'_, Self>

Swap the foreground and background colors
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fn hidden(&self) -> HiddenDisplay<'_, Self>

Hide the text
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fn strikethrough(&self) -> StrikeThroughDisplay<'_, Self>

Cross out the text
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fn color<Color>(&self, color: Color) -> FgDynColorDisplay<'_, Color, Self>
where Color: DynColor,

Set the foreground color at runtime. Only use if you do not know which color will be used at compile-time. If the color is constant, use either OwoColorize::fg or a color-specific method, such as OwoColorize::green, Read more
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fn on_color<Color>(&self, color: Color) -> BgDynColorDisplay<'_, Color, Self>
where Color: DynColor,

Set the background color at runtime. Only use if you do not know what color to use at compile-time. If the color is constant, use either OwoColorize::bg or a color-specific method, such as OwoColorize::on_yellow, Read more
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fn fg_rgb<const R: u8, const G: u8, const B: u8>( &self ) -> FgColorDisplay<'_, CustomColor<R, G, B>, Self>

Set the foreground color to a specific RGB value.
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fn bg_rgb<const R: u8, const G: u8, const B: u8>( &self ) -> BgColorDisplay<'_, CustomColor<R, G, B>, Self>

Set the background color to a specific RGB value.
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fn truecolor(&self, r: u8, g: u8, b: u8) -> FgDynColorDisplay<'_, Rgb, Self>

Sets the foreground color to an RGB value.
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fn on_truecolor(&self, r: u8, g: u8, b: u8) -> BgDynColorDisplay<'_, Rgb, Self>

Sets the background color to an RGB value.
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fn style(&self, style: Style) -> Styled<&Self>

Apply a runtime-determined style
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impl<T> Pipe for T
where T: ?Sized,

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fn pipe<R>(self, func: impl FnOnce(Self) -> R) -> R
where Self: Sized,

Pipes by value. This is generally the method you want to use. Read more
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fn pipe_ref<'a, R>(&'a self, func: impl FnOnce(&'a Self) -> R) -> R
where R: 'a,

Borrows self and passes that borrow into the pipe function. Read more
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fn pipe_ref_mut<'a, R>(&'a mut self, func: impl FnOnce(&'a mut Self) -> R) -> R
where R: 'a,

Mutably borrows self and passes that borrow into the pipe function. Read more
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fn pipe_borrow<'a, B, R>(&'a self, func: impl FnOnce(&'a B) -> R) -> R
where Self: Borrow<B>, B: 'a + ?Sized, R: 'a,

Borrows self, then passes self.borrow() into the pipe function. Read more
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fn pipe_borrow_mut<'a, B, R>( &'a mut self, func: impl FnOnce(&'a mut B) -> R ) -> R
where Self: BorrowMut<B>, B: 'a + ?Sized, R: 'a,

Mutably borrows self, then passes self.borrow_mut() into the pipe function. Read more
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fn pipe_as_ref<'a, U, R>(&'a self, func: impl FnOnce(&'a U) -> R) -> R
where Self: AsRef<U>, U: 'a + ?Sized, R: 'a,

Borrows self, then passes self.as_ref() into the pipe function.
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fn pipe_as_mut<'a, U, R>(&'a mut self, func: impl FnOnce(&'a mut U) -> R) -> R
where Self: AsMut<U>, U: 'a + ?Sized, R: 'a,

Mutably borrows self, then passes self.as_mut() into the pipe function.
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fn pipe_deref<'a, T, R>(&'a self, func: impl FnOnce(&'a T) -> R) -> R
where Self: Deref<Target = T>, T: 'a + ?Sized, R: 'a,

Borrows self, then passes self.deref() into the pipe function.
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fn pipe_deref_mut<'a, T, R>( &'a mut self, func: impl FnOnce(&'a mut T) -> R ) -> R
where Self: DerefMut<Target = T> + Deref, T: 'a + ?Sized, R: 'a,

Mutably borrows self, then passes self.deref_mut() into the pipe function.
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impl<T> Pointable for T

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const ALIGN: usize = _

The alignment of pointer.
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type Init = T

The type for initializers.
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unsafe fn init(init: <T as Pointable>::Init) -> usize

Initializes a with the given initializer. Read more
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unsafe fn deref<'a>(ptr: usize) -> &'a T

Dereferences the given pointer. Read more
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unsafe fn deref_mut<'a>(ptr: usize) -> &'a mut T

Mutably dereferences the given pointer. Read more
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unsafe fn drop(ptr: usize)

Drops the object pointed to by the given pointer. Read more
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impl<Response, Error> ResponseResult<Response, Error> for Response

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fn into_result(self) -> Result<Response, Error>

Converts the type into a Result that can be sent as a response.
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impl<T> Same for T

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type Output = T

Should always be Self
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impl<T> Tap for T

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fn tap(self, func: impl FnOnce(&Self)) -> Self

Immutable access to a value. Read more
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fn tap_mut(self, func: impl FnOnce(&mut Self)) -> Self

Mutable access to a value. Read more
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fn tap_borrow<B>(self, func: impl FnOnce(&B)) -> Self
where Self: Borrow<B>, B: ?Sized,

Immutable access to the Borrow<B> of a value. Read more
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fn tap_borrow_mut<B>(self, func: impl FnOnce(&mut B)) -> Self
where Self: BorrowMut<B>, B: ?Sized,

Mutable access to the BorrowMut<B> of a value. Read more
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fn tap_ref<R>(self, func: impl FnOnce(&R)) -> Self
where Self: AsRef<R>, R: ?Sized,

Immutable access to the AsRef<R> view of a value. Read more
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fn tap_ref_mut<R>(self, func: impl FnOnce(&mut R)) -> Self
where Self: AsMut<R>, R: ?Sized,

Mutable access to the AsMut<R> view of a value. Read more
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fn tap_deref<T>(self, func: impl FnOnce(&T)) -> Self
where Self: Deref<Target = T>, T: ?Sized,

Immutable access to the Deref::Target of a value. Read more
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fn tap_deref_mut<T>(self, func: impl FnOnce(&mut T)) -> Self
where Self: DerefMut<Target = T> + Deref, T: ?Sized,

Mutable access to the Deref::Target of a value. Read more
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fn tap_dbg(self, func: impl FnOnce(&Self)) -> Self

Calls .tap() only in debug builds, and is erased in release builds.
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fn tap_mut_dbg(self, func: impl FnOnce(&mut Self)) -> Self

Calls .tap_mut() only in debug builds, and is erased in release builds.
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fn tap_borrow_dbg<B>(self, func: impl FnOnce(&B)) -> Self
where Self: Borrow<B>, B: ?Sized,

Calls .tap_borrow() only in debug builds, and is erased in release builds.
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fn tap_borrow_mut_dbg<B>(self, func: impl FnOnce(&mut B)) -> Self
where Self: BorrowMut<B>, B: ?Sized,

Calls .tap_borrow_mut() only in debug builds, and is erased in release builds.
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fn tap_ref_dbg<R>(self, func: impl FnOnce(&R)) -> Self
where Self: AsRef<R>, R: ?Sized,

Calls .tap_ref() only in debug builds, and is erased in release builds.
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fn tap_ref_mut_dbg<R>(self, func: impl FnOnce(&mut R)) -> Self
where Self: AsMut<R>, R: ?Sized,

Calls .tap_ref_mut() only in debug builds, and is erased in release builds.
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fn tap_deref_dbg<T>(self, func: impl FnOnce(&T)) -> Self
where Self: Deref<Target = T>, T: ?Sized,

Calls .tap_deref() only in debug builds, and is erased in release builds.
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fn tap_deref_mut_dbg<T>(self, func: impl FnOnce(&mut T)) -> Self
where Self: DerefMut<Target = T> + Deref, T: ?Sized,

Calls .tap_deref_mut() only in debug builds, and is erased in release builds.
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impl<T> ToOwned for T
where T: Clone,

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type Owned = T

The resulting type after obtaining ownership.
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fn to_owned(&self) -> T

Creates owned data from borrowed data, usually by cloning. Read more
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fn clone_into(&self, target: &mut T)

Uses borrowed data to replace owned data, usually by cloning. Read more
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impl<T> TryConv for T

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fn try_conv<T>(self) -> Result<T, Self::Error>
where Self: TryInto<T>,

Attempts to convert self into T using TryInto<T>. Read more
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impl<T, U> TryFrom<U> for T
where U: Into<T>,

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type Error = Infallible

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
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fn try_from(value: U) -> Result<T, <T as TryFrom<U>>::Error>

Performs the conversion.
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impl<T, U> TryInto<U> for T
where U: TryFrom<T>,

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type Error = <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
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fn try_into(self) -> Result<U, <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error>

Performs the conversion.
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impl<V, T> VZip<V> for T
where V: MultiLane<T>,

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fn vzip(self) -> V

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impl<T> WithSubscriber for T

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fn with_subscriber<S>(self, subscriber: S) -> WithDispatch<Self>
where S: Into<Dispatch>,

Attaches the provided Subscriber to this type, returning a [WithDispatch] wrapper. Read more
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fn with_current_subscriber(self) -> WithDispatch<Self>

Attaches the current default Subscriber to this type, returning a [WithDispatch] wrapper. Read more
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impl<T> WithSubscriber for T

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fn with_subscriber<S>(self, subscriber: S) -> WithDispatch<Self>
where S: Into<Dispatch>,

Attaches the provided Subscriber to this type, returning a WithDispatch wrapper. Read more
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fn with_current_subscriber(self) -> WithDispatch<Self>

Attaches the current default Subscriber to this type, returning a WithDispatch wrapper. Read more